Seizures are when our pets convulse or fit. They can be disturbing and cause anxiety in those around. Try and remain calm. Gather information and consider seeing a vet to ascertain the cause.
Tips for managing a seizure in your pet
Do not try to prevent your pet from swallowing their tongue as this does not occur in dogs or cats
Stay clear. While it is disturbing to watch you do not want to be bitten
Help by removing sharp or dangerous objects from nearly
Make sure unsafe areas like stairs, access to outside are shut off to reduce the likelihood of preventable injury
Time the length and frequency of the seizure. This information is valuable to record for your vet.
Let your pet rest until it recovers from post seizure signs.
There are 3 main categories to explain why some of our family pets have seizures. The main causes are those which are a result of toxins such as snail bait or other many other harmful pet components. The second category, is mainly what can be best described as a problem outside the brain. This can include low blood glucose, calcium levels, as well as kidney or liver failure. The third category are those which are generated by a problem within the brain and can include: epilepsy, inflammatory diseases and cancer.
When it comes to treatments available, their success rate is often dependent on understanding what is causing the seizures occur.
It is important to learn the different types of seizures:
Generalised seizures: your pet will typically lie on their side and be unresponsive to people during this type of fit. It is common for them for their legs to move as if they are running. They will often slobber, urinate or pass faeces during one of these seizures.
Partial seizures; they will start in a particular part of the body and often change in the way that your pet responds to you.
Mild partial seizures: when these are happening you will notice compulsive snapping of their jaw, or obsessive chasing of their tail or chewing.
When you attend a vet hospital the first step if often medication. This is to try and stop the seizures and to reduce the possible physical harm, injury and possible internal damage within your pets system
While caution is sensible, research indicates that early medical intervention is important. Early intervention is through to prevent the development of a condition called status epilepticus where the seizures continue indefinitely and they become less responsive to medications.
During your pets visit to the vet they will be clinically examined and a blood test performed to help diagnose the reason for the seizures. In some cases a toxin, has been diagnosed and procedures to remove these toxins from the body will be warranted. Alternatively, diagnostic tests can be done to help diagnose the underlying cause.